Instructions for Authors

Locale publishes English language articles of 4000–7000 words in length, and uses a modified style of Harvard referencing, which authors are required to follow for their final manuscripts (please see House Style below). In addition, Locale also publishes industry reports and will consider proposals for photo essays. All manuscripts should be submitted in electronic form in word or rtf format.

Abstracts: all articles should be accompanied by an abstract of 150-200 words.

Keywords: all abstracts should be followed by a maximum of five key words/terms.

Photographs: Photographs and/or diagrams may be used, provided authors obtain permission to reproduce any previously published material. Images are preferred in .tiff format (or .jpeg) and high resolution (300dpi). Please submit images as separate files rather than inserted in the text.

Photo essays: these should construct an argument and/or analysis via the medium of photographic images and accompanying texts.

All submissions will be fully refereed by appropriate experts in photographic essay production and topic-specific areas. Intending authors are invited to discuss their proposed topics with the editor in advance of submission.

Industry Reports: these can address any industry, product, location or event pertinent to Locale’s readers. Reports should be 1500-3000 words in length and should follow the standard format and referencing guidelines (see below). Intending authors are invited to discuss their proposed topics with the editor in advance of submission.

House Style

Acronyms, Abbreviations and Cultural-Specific References

  • All acronyms should be spelt out at the first mention and cultural specific references explained.
  • Abbreviations such as ‘e.g.’ and ‘i.e.’ may be used.
  • ibid can be used for repeat references. E.g. (ibid: 22).
  • Foreign words and/or phrases (although not proper or place names) should be italicised with correct symbols.

Bibliographic Information (examples)

  1. Book:
    Reader, J (2009) Potato: A History of the Propitious Esculent, New York: Yale University Press
  2. Book chapter:
    Ochoa, C (1975) ‘Potato collecting expeditions in Chile, Bolivia and Peru, and the genetic erosion of indigenous cultivars’, in Frankel, O and Hawkes, J (eds) Crop Genetic resources for today and tomorrow, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 167-173
  3. Journal article:
    Zukin, S (2008) ‘Consuming Authenticity’, Cultural Studies v22n5, 724-748.
  4. Press article:
    Wiggins, J (2005) ‘Cadbury goes organic with Green & Black’s’, Financial Times 13 May, 22.
  5. Online article:
    Thomas, P (2005) ‘Chocoholism’, The Ecologist, online at: (accessed 12 March 2009).


  • Present captions like this:
    Figure 1: Caption here (photograph by ….)


  • Spell out contractions (e.g. don’t, I’ll) in the text but be more relaxed in endnotes.


  • 22 June 1987
  • 1990s, not ‘90s.
  • 1976-79; 1887-1906
  • twentieth century, twenty-first century


  • These should be in standard numerals (i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4) in the main text, and should not include bibliographic information.
  • In-text endnote numerals should be superscribed and placed outside the punctuation.

Font & Formatting

  • Book Antiqua, 12 point
  • Major section headings in bold.
  • Lines to be spaced 1.5
  • Do not indent any lines
  • Leave line breaks after every paragraph.
  • Single space after full-stop.


  • Spell out numbers from one to twenty; 21-99 (in figures); 100, 200, 5000.
  • 6 per cent (although % is acceptable if a whole series of percentages are given within
    a paragraph).
  • Do not begin a sentence with a numeral.
  • Use numerals for percentages, sums of money, time and measurements.
  • Use currency abbreviations, e.g. AUD
  • For portions use one-quarter not ¼.

Personal Communication

  • Personal communication should be referenced: (personal communication with the author, 21 June 2009).
  • E-mails should be referenced: (e-mail to author, 21 June 2009).
  • Interviews with author: (interview with author, 21 June 2009, location or by telephone).
  • Personal communication with others: (personal communication with Jane Other, 21 June 2009).


  • All quotations of fewer than 30 words should be inserted in the text in double quotation marks; quotations longer than 30 words should be separated from the preceding line, indented and italicised, without quotation marks.
  • For figures of speech, use single quotation marks.


  • Locale uses a modified version of the Harvard (in-text) referencing style.
  • Use endnotes rather than footnotes
  • Avoid endnotes if a short reference can be incorporated into the text
  • Multiple authorship: two authors are named in full (using ‘and’ not ‘&’); if there are more than two, give the first followed by ‘et al’.
  • When a whole work is cited reference like this: (Smith, 1999); for a specific passage, like this: (Smith, 1999: 34).
  • Full references should be listed alphabetically in an end section titled ‘Bibliography’.
  • Titles of books, periodicals, plays, films, and radio and television programs should be italicised; titles of artwork, poems and songs should be in single quote marks but not italicised.


  • Please use British-English rather than American-English.


  • Web-sources should be referenced in-text as well as a full reference in the bibliography. Full URL and date of access is required. E.g.
    (, accessed 27 April 2008).